“Abeed. Slave. N***” – On Racism and Prejudice in the Muslim Community

This is my personal blog, though, I have not posted anything remotely personal on this in years. In fact, perhaps my last few personal posts have been immediately upon my conversion to Islam in 2008. Since then, I have been learning, feeling, absorbing, and processing all that goes into adopting a new way of life.

I have had very little creative output, in these last 4 years, even though I am an artist, a writer at heart. I have shared little with the world of myself, but instead, allowed my experiences to paint and tamper with the many blanks of my own canvas.

Let me first preface this post by stating that I have been blessed to have met and made dear friends from all ends of the world in my life. After living in Brazil for one summer, traveling throughout Europe for a semester, and subsequently stepping into a faith with some 1.5 billion followers, I have made my fair share of global friends. And while I lived in the Muslim community of Arlington, Texas my first year out of college, I had 3 moms (1 Chinese, 1 Hungarian, and 1 Palestinian-Jordanian), and many big sisters who took care of me in such a magnitude that only Allah (SWT) can repay.

But, in the height of Ramadan, in this blessed month, I, unfortunately, witnessed what can only be rectified, I now understand, by open discourse, and mature conversation. I will post the catalysts of this blog post, and then raise a few points of concern that have lingered in my heart for a few years now. No longer a “baby muslimah”, I am four years of age in my Islam, and like most 4-year olds, I will not be silenced.

One morning, I stumbled across these tweets on my timeline. I promptly let the authors know that this was offensive. I retweeted the message, shocked at what I had just read. Though it was extremely early, many other followers replied back, equally at awe at what they had witnessed.

The person’s friends then began to join in, with even more racially charged rhetoric. The comments below surprised me in such a way that I feel compelled to share, after not sharing much these years. I will let you see for yourself.

**Disclaimer** – The language shown in the posts below may be highly offensive.

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The person’s friends then began to chime in and rally behind her:

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I felt a need to call this out, not to direct to a specific person, but to address a larger issue, often swept under the rug: racism amongst Muslims. It has many manifestations, most of which are the direct effects of colonialism and the successful indoctrination of white-supremacy that goes along with it. But many of its manifestations are unique to the people and cultures themselves, supporting traditions, and sadly, stereotypes older than the many countries they so fervently represent.

Many people replied to me confused and shocked that such language and flagrant racism would be posted in 2012. It is surprising. But perhaps, what was more unsettling were the responses from many of my peers who were not surprised at all. Who shared their own dealings and experiences, to the point that they have concluded: in Arab countries, you will hear and be called far worse things than even the above.

Is this so? Is this possible? Like all religions, Islam has sectarian differences, and critical distinctions in the interpretations of our religious texts. We understand this.

But can we have such clear divisions, based on skin color, to the point where it is quite okay for an Arab to playfully or even affectionately refer to a person of African descent as “slave” but when such people stand up against such language they are to be corrected, disciplined?

And to be clear, the term “abeed” was not used affectionately in the scenario above. No. This was meant to be used in the way any hate speech is: to infect, to degrade, to dehumanize. The people who posted this hateful language explained themselves to me several times.

The first question I was asked was:

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One person tried to dilute the issue, explaining that it’s an “Arab” thing, and not to be confused with “real” racism.

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The people using this speech self-identified to a particular culture and nationality of which country I shall not name. But, it can be agreed upon that their people are going through great turmoil having been displaced in the millions, and many of them now refugees.

I ask them, and any other person, are you not diminishing the integrity of your cause for the liberation of your own people by furthering such ignorant views of another?

I called it for what it was. It is racism and it further feeds into the stereotypes about Arabs as being racist.

The reply?

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If only this was the case. If only every Muslim, every Christian, every Jew, truly followed its teachings. I imagine, this world would be a much more peaceful place. But the reality is, we fall short. We fail everyday. We fail ourselves and oppress ourselves. And God forgives us. But we oppress others too.

And in this instance, they oppressed this human being. Sure, she may not like Muslims. She may have even insulted Islam. But, any Muslim living on earth knows that you cannot defend Islam by doing something un-Islamic. Not only is it ineffective, but it is wrong, prohibited, sinful.

Unjust killing is unlawful. Suicide in any circumstance is unlawful. And racism, in any form, is unlawful. The fact that, when this individual purportedly attacked Islam, the immediate line of defense was by attacking her skin color, her race, and her people’s history, is troubling at best, psychologically and emotionally scarring at its worst.

Racism is FORBIDDEN in Islam.

The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) made this very clear in his life example, and felt strongly enough about the subject to make it one of the points in his final sermon.

First, he ordered us to abstain from riba (interest). Next, he commanded us to treat women fairly, and to be kind to them, honoring their rights over men. He then instructed us to adhere to the pillars of Islam and fulfill our obligations to God.

And then, in his characteristic eloquence, clearly spoke out against racism, colorism, and prejudice:

“All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over black nor a black has any superiority over white except by piety and good action. Learn that every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one brotherhood.”

Fast forward 1400 years later and where are we as an Ummah (community; nation)?

The Prophet Muhammad (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) also said: “The similitude of believers in regard to mutual love, affection, fellow-feeling is that of one body; when any limb of it aches, the whole body aches, because of sleeplessness and fever.”

And so I ask my fellow Muslims, are we one body?

I have seen black faces, myself included standing in rallies to Free Palestine, to end the oppression in other Muslim lands. We, African Americans, know oppression, enslavement, genocide, and apartheid all too well. The enslavement and systemic dehumanization of Africans in the Americas have been well-documented as one of the most extreme, and darkest moments in human history. So extreme that we remain the only group in human history that have lost all ties to our native countries of origin, languages, religions, and lineage. No other people can claim such loss.

And yet, pioneers for justice, like Martin Luther King, Angela Davis, Assata Shakur, have dedicated their lives to seeing the end of racism and prejudice against any and all people, regardless of creed, nationality, or skin color.

And so, it seems pretty illogical to me that if someone attacks your religion, your natural rebuttal would be to attack their skin color. The authors of the tweets above tried to explain themselves. Stating that it was done to defend Islam; that the person was bad-mouthing Muslims. Point taken. But that does not make their actions excusable.

Moreover, this the use of the word “abeed”, to my own disgusted astonishment, is not used to refer to anyone other than Blacks WITHIN the Muslim community, be it in the Middle East, or even right here in the US.

Some African-Americans have even started a now-widespread campaign to end the use of the term, starting with their own native city, Chicago, home to one of the largest and most diverse Muslim community in the country.

I invite you to check out the links below, like the page on Facebook, support this cause, and stand up against racism and oppression, even if you have to stand alone. That is Islam.

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Like the Facebook page for: We are all ‘Abeed’: Campaign to end the use of the word “abeed” in reference to the black race.

Check out the posts by vloggers such as Dina Toki-o

Any good from the words above is from Allah (SWT). Any faults in this is from my own self.

Just,

Amira

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11 thoughts on ““Abeed. Slave. N***” – On Racism and Prejudice in the Muslim Community

  1. I HATE RACISM and prejudice projected at anybody, coming from any one, wether they are Arab or otherwise. I include others because others are guilty of it as well. Islaam condones this type of behavior as clearly stated by the words of the BEST of mankind Muhammad salAllaahu alayhi wa salaam when he salAllahu alayhi wa salaam reminded the people of … an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over black nor a black has any superiority over white except by piety and good action.
    HOWEVER, while the Africans have been striped of all that ever belonged to them up until “juneteenth” and even 1940’s if you want to consider a more realistic date, the Afro-Americans today are singlehandedly responsible for keeping the stereotypes about their race alive. the well known phrases of “what’s up nigga” …and any other combination of such syllables tossed around openly between themselves is directly influencing others to view them as such. their presentation of themselves as just a N**** in speech and action to others around them earns them the “2nd class citizen” badge and an open invitation for the rest to rank them below other races. If A3beed – ‘abeed shall be campaigned against then so shall n—–.

    i want to say that even though the above mentioned is something we have all experienced and witnessed in no way am i condoning A MUSLIM abusing others with such vulgar labels. It is islaam that calls for correct conduct, it calls for the best of manners. As a reminder of those that think they are better than the other based on color then let me remind you of the Ayah in the Noble Quran And among His Signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the difference of your languages and colours. Verily, in that are indeed signs for men of sound knowledge. 30:22 in addition it was the Arrogance of Shaytaan thinking his creation out of Fire was better than that of Adam alyahi salaam that prevented the Shaytaan from obeying the order of Allaah and consequently made him the Ar Rajeem (the Accursed one). So i invite everyone to return back to their Lord in obedience and strict following of the Sunnah of the prophet salAllaahu alayhi wa salaam and leave these actions that do not coincide with Islam and and fully embrace your brother/sister…black, white, etc. here is a hadith as a reminder for us all >>> Not one of you can (truly) believe if you do not want for your (believing) brother what you want for yourself.” [Bukhari, Al-Iman ; 7] <<< and Allah knows best <

    • Thank you Sr. Edina for your comment and the first as well mashallah! Thanks for keeping the dialogue going.

      My reply is but my own of course, but I simply cannot agree with a good portion of what you have said.

      First:

      HOWEVER, while the Africans have been striped of all that ever belonged to them up until “juneteenth” and even 1940′s if you want to consider a more realistic date,”

      This date is factually inaccurate. The rights of whole and human “citizenship” for African Americans were not granted in this country until well after the Brown vs. Board of Education case in 1954 and the events following, including the U.S. Army escorting black children into segregated schools, the assassinations of Civil Rights leaders, COINTELPRO, and the race riots of the ’60, are all too recent, considering that my parents were alive at this time and remember segregation and its aftermath vividly. Black boys such as Trayvon Martin are still being profiled and gunned down by the police, a racist institution, by its very inception, as it was created in this country originally to patrol slaves and capture runaways.

      And secondly, but most importantly:

      the Afro-Americans today are singlehandedly responsible for keeping the stereotypes about their race alive.

      This is a very narrow-minded and misinformed understanding of the systemic racism embedded in our social institutions, media, and culture today that are comprehensively responsible for furthering these stereotypes. The use of the “n—–” word within the African American community is not excusable, but has been proven to be one manifestation of internalized racism and oppression.

      You are taking a very superficial look at a complex reality, and a word with a very different history than the words “abeed” and “ni**er” as expletives.

      Lastly,

      their presentation of themselves as just a N**** in speech and action to others around them earns them the “2nd class citizen” badge and an open invitation for the rest to rank them below other races.

      Again, this is a very superficial and unfair way of viewing African Americans and their response to their enslavement, apartheid, and systemic racism. I agree with you that the N—- word should be campaigned against, but to say that one group calling themselves “nigga” is an open invitation for the rest of the world to rank them below other races is merely not true.

      Please, read “Racist America” by Prof. Joe Feagin. Look back at U.S. History. Better yet, please reread on the transatlantic slave trade, and how the propagation of global white supremacy coincided with the birth of modern-day capitalism, bred on the backs of the enslaved.

      SOME African Americans calling themselves “n—-” 450 years later is not what causes the rest of the world to rank us below other races. A number of Blacks use poor speech and do bad actions, but SURELY not all of us, and surely not the freedom fighters and their counterparts mentioned above.

        The collective subscribing to the racist ideology of white superiority has led to us being ranked below other races, and nothing else.

      I simply disagree with your statements there as a careful outline of history will easily prove otherwise.

      • if i may just for a sec draw your points of “white supremacy” being the leading cause of ranking afro-americans below other races to parallel w/ us muslims that at the bottom of the totem pole by being -day in and day out subjected to prejudice and being called terrorists (among many other things) by those same WHITE FOLKS. Shall I remind you of their systematic way of ostracizing muslims; wars, Guantanamo, torture, spys, informants, mass arrests, suspicion, profiling (employment, housing, media), putting fear in people’s hearts, outright hostility- the list can be further expanded upon, but i’m quite sure you get the idea. According to your points, then us, muslims, in response to their labels and blacklisting should blame every single deed that we wrongly or rightfully commit, on our “reaction” to such labeling, segregation and blacklisting. We know from the scholars that they are plenty of sects within islaam that are aiding the Kuffar in these views about us because they commit transgressions that hurt the image of islaam and hurt the muslims as a collective.

        therefore, I stand by what I said, that a huge # of Afro-americans are aiding in their stereotype and it’s not necessarily all boggled down to the usage of the N- word between themselves but it is their whole demeanor and presentation. While no one is denying the horrific occurrence of slavery, it’s just can’t be an excuse forever. It can only be, if the Afro-Americans still want us to view them as slaves. It’s like the jews that are still avenging the holocaust on the skins of palestinians & justifying their actions on “never agains” and “no repeats”. At some point it just becomes blatantly ridiculous to blame history, to blame everyone else but yourself. At a point in our lives we have to make that conscious decision to claim our actions as our own and not justifications and reactions.

        Have certain things changed and certain things remained the same in regards to the blacks in the states? the answer is yes on both accounts. However, the conditions have significantly improved from those ugly days. that should give hope to all afro-americans, and some have already embraced the goodness by educating themselves, establishing businesses, establishing families that no longer blame but rise above. It’s harder to be black than white in the states, with out a doubt, but If it’s hard being black today, its harder being a muslim.

    • Asalamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahe wa Barakatuhu,

      Ramadan Mubarak!

      This comment is intended to address some points that sister Edina has raised.

      First of all, I know sister Amira personally and she is not a confrontational type of person, whether in words or deeds, or any of that. So the fact that she was able to post something about an issue goes to show to what extent for lack of better words, this whole thing is putrid.

      I have Bosnian friends and one in particular who suffered from the Srebrenica massacre and years have passed by and still the wound is fresh. In fact, there are victims who suffer from it daily and in fact, some of the women who educate the public and in their words, they do not want anyone to ever forget what happened because they don’t want history to be repeated (watch “Women Who Refuse to Die” on youtube.) Some of these women live with what happened daily; they can’t erase it, although they live their lives. You cannot blame the victims and say that they cannot be affected by something like this. They are affected although they try their best to cope with it.

      Similarly, let us not forget that slavery in it’s real form, didn’t end a couple hundred years ago; it ended during the civil war, and then crippling Jim Crow Laws replaced it until the 1960s (and ended with the civil rights act.) So you are telling me that several hundred years of persecution can be wiped out in about 5 decades?

      In fact, I am actually amazed by the resilience of the black people in the face of such oppression. Other persecuted peoples like the Jews in Europe have received compensation for their losses. In this case, not only does no compensation exist but there is a generation by generation poverty and other socioeconomic gaps that really hurt so many people, and only active effort to help these kids works. We are seeing this with immigrant communities who end up in such conditions; they do not fare better than others who have lived here for hundreds of years.

      But aside all that, I believe, my well-intentioned sister, that you are missing the whole point. We are not arguing about some minor issue like the use of the N word by African Americans among themselves; we are looking at something more serious here; discrimination by Muslims who should know better against African Americans. To be honest, a lot of it comes from this country. I never knew about the concept of “driving while black” until I actually faced “driving while Muslim.” A cop in one of the states stopped me for no reason and asked me, “What are you doing here?” That was the most shocking question ever; it was as if there was a check point and I had to provide him detailed information such as, “I am visiting a friend…” and so on. Racism might be off the books but it exists in peoples’ minds and behavior. Recently, a couple was denied their wedding in a Church because members took offense to blacks having a wedding there. A white coworker of mine (fortunately non-Muslim) whispered to me not to live in a particular part of town because “you know, them, THEY, live there.” When I asked who she meant by they? She said, “You know, BLACKS!” Now think about this for a second; so someone escapes that sort of persecution and is persecuted by their own brothers? This is the point she is making and we should see her point.

      Sister Amira by the way graduated with high marks and got to where she got by Allah’s mercy first and then a lot of work; so I don’t think that she is throwing her failures on others (as she has none Masha’Allah) but pointing out something real that exists. May Allah Azza Wajal give us the insight to see it and work within our communities to fix it.

      Jazakom Allah Khaire

  2. Ramadan Kareem to all, It’s already halfway through this holy month SubhanAllah!

    Your words had shocked me in so many ways, and in fact reminded me of so many personal experiences as an African-Arab Muslim living in the Middle East. So much I worry I may have too much info to be able to share and deliver it all on here.

    What’s disturbing about this is that all what you’ve mentioned came from Muslims. Sadly, a lot of non-Muslims in the west lead an Islamic way of life without the belief of course, are more honest, respectful to others,,,etc. While on the other hand, Muslims in the Middle East certainly do not reflect the teachings of Islam (not all), not even remotely! The sad thing is, we’ve all been taught Islamic Education to the tiniest details in schools, and know for a fact how wrong racism is. Some mention the word N***** like it’s a cool thing out of a music video completely ignorant (some aware) to what the word carries in meaning. Some know nothing of African-American history, but you don’t need to. Basic manners teaches u not to say anything hurtful to others. No one regardless where they’re from likes to be mistreated. Treat others how you’d want to be treated.

    Back in the day, when African-Americans embraced Islam, to some it was out of shelter and hate for whites. But then they came to learn and understand the true message of Islam. Malcolm X, when he went to Makkah for Hajj, realized how amazing this religion is, seeing Muslims from all over the world, far east asians, to blonde blue-eyed europeans all EQUAL performing Hajj. He came to realize that Islam, he realized that Allah made all people equal and wanted them to embrace that and treat each other equally as it’s everyone’s right. Taqwa (piety) is what makes one better than another.

    Some of these countries suffered oppression, occupation, and enslavement for years. some still are! Yet, unfortunately they don’t realize how they should oppose discrimination rather than promote it. Specially at times like these as people are currently fighting for their freedom.

    Other non-Arab Muslims from the east and far east also are suffering from a great deal of mistreatment and discrimination in the middle east. They sure don’t like it but have no other choice but to withstand the situation to feed their families back home as they live a lifetime away from them, not being able to see their loved ones in years so they can provide. In such terrible conditions.

    I’ve suffered and been in so many situations myself as a “Black, Arab, African Muslim”. We should at least have compassion within our own Muslim community. After all, life is short. Too short! only your deeds and prayers count as life is so insignificant compared to the eternal afterlife and most importantly standing before Allah SWT.

    Last but not least -and this goes to the converts specially- I hope for all this not to mislead you or affect your belief in any way. Islam is the right way and a beautiful thing, see it as it is, and seek help when confused. Not all Muslims necessarily reflect that true holy image of Islam.

    I’m not much of a writer. My apologies if my written thoughts happen to appear to be all over the place. I simply wanted to support the cause and I hope I didn’t offend anyone.

    Tariq

  3. Ramadan Kareem Br. Tariq,

    Thank you for commenting, writing what you did above, and sharing the history that you highlighted. You have so much to ponder and reflect on! Life is too short subhanallah, I hope for more compassion as well at least within our own community! Subhnallah.

    Islam came to do away with such evils in society, but as you pointed out, we are not living these Islamic principles in our daily lives and our communities do not reflect these values.

    I sincerely hope that people can separate Islam, the religion itself, from Muslims, for we have many faults. But, if we do not correct our manners and be better people toward each other and the rest of the world, we have no one to blame save ourselves.

    It is very saddening that so many Muslims endure the racism and bigotry in “Muslim lands” as they simply try to provide for their families. May Allah strengthen them and reward them for the good. Ameen.

    Jazakallahu khairan and thanks for continuing the dialogue.

  4. Jazakillah khayr for standing up to such ignorance and Jahilyah! I highly encourge you on your mission.

    I only have simple comments that will help enlighten your mission. I advise you to avpid generalizations about Arabs.

    But my dearest try to avoid generalizations about Arabs. Only impolite uneducated non religious people would use those terms in my country.
    There are 360 million Arabs in the world. Half Arab countries are in north Africa, including Sudan.
    Some Arab countries used to have slaves from the Asian continent. They were also called Abeed, while they were blond. Also there are Arabs who fell into slavery. I personally know the children of one. Another example is a Sahabi we all know, Zaid bin Thabit.

    In general it is a shameful deed to call someone a slave.

    May Allah help you and protect you.

  5. Jazakallahu khairan Sister.

    Mashallah, thank you for the encouragement. I have no mission, in fact, and this post was merely a mechanism and outlet for my own healing process. I do not want to hold any resentment or negative views against any group of people, Muslims especially and felt that by speaking out and raising awareness, perhaps it would help others as well.

    Thank you so much for your comments, and it is very important not to generalize. I hope the post above is not taken as a generalization to say ALL Arabs are racist or use racially-charged language, because I know that is not true.

    Ameen to your dua, and may Allah protect you as well. Ameen.

    Salaam

  6. Salamalaikum,

    I want to commend you for writing such a powerful article. The personal story, I believe, is the best story to tell because you can truly show the impact that these issues have had on you. I want to thank you as well for linking my campaign “We are all ‘abeed of Allah” https://www.facebook.com/pages/We-are-all-abeed-عبيد-of-Allah/276647645735495
    and Dina Tokio’s video!

    The posts that you mentioned in this article are horrendous, and from the mouths of Muslims! I am utterly ashamed of our behavior as an Ummah in regards to race. Constantly we divide ourselves based on race, color, and nationality – a despicable trace of Jahiliyya that lingers with us. This is racist, this is arrogant, and it will take a huge amount of humility and self-reflection for these individuals to admit and correct their wrong. Racism within the Muslim community is precisely why I started this campaign. As I’ve said before on the campaign page – the use of the word ‘abeed in Arabic in reference to Black people is only the tip of the iceberg. And this is not just a Black / Arab issue, and neither are the divides limited to race alone. I have seen this type of behavior amongst Arabs: the Palestinian vs. the Egyptian, the Syrian vs. the Lebanese, the dark Arab vs. the lighter Arab. Furthermore, converts vs. those Muslims raised in Islam, and SE Asians vs. white Americans. Why must we judge each other like this and hurt one another because of the look, the dress, the food, and the culture that Allah (swt) has given us? In Chicago we suffer from shocking segregation between our masajid and schools, creating stark divides that impede the broadening of our minds. Diversity within our communities is critical to our progression towards a more advanced mindset. Prior to starting the campaign, I thought that the word ” ‘abeed ” as a racial slur existed mostly locally – that others may not be able to relate specifically to this word. When I opened this up to the internet, I’ve found that the word ‘abeed is used internationally and by many more groups of Arabs that I thought! The issues of racism are of massive proportions and are rooted deeply. It will take time and many small efforts combined to combat this. Therefore, Im so proud of you for taking a stand on this issue. Many others will read this article, hear your words, look at their own actions, and find the strength to be just as vocal as you were in writing this. May Allah reward you, sister!

  7. Asalam aliakum sister I want to congratulate you on writing an interesting and compelling article on racism that we find in Islam. The cold truth my dear sister is that racism amongst blacks in Islam is not a new phenomenon it has been there since the time of the prophet (saw) there is a famous Hadith about one of the sahabas abusing Bilal calling him a son of a black slave, the prophet himself heard this and was disgusted and confronted the companion who was so embarrassed that he put his face on the floor and pleaded Bilal to step on his face, which he didn’t do.

    Also
    Famously in the prophets last sermon he said there is no difference between a black or white.
    But more importantly we have to ponder on the prophets last statement why did he have to put that in because he knew this was a massive problem amongst the Muslims along with lack of respect for women. When you find Arabs or Asians being racist don’t get shocked understand that anyone that is racist has a defiency with their imran (faith) as if you have true understanding of Allah and his prophet (saw) you will understand that there is no place for racism in Islam.

    Allah says if you people do not look after my religion I will give it to another people that will. Allah also explains that the sun will rise in the west and today we are seeing a new breed of Muslims whose parents were not Muslim who are practicing the deen better than anyone else. Some people think that if someone can speak Arabic that means they are a better Muslim this is very wrong. As there are some Arabs who are furthest away from the deen. You find deen amongst those that practice the little that they know. The prophet also said in his last sermon that inform future generations about this speech as maybe the people coming in the future will understand my words better than you.
    So to close my dear sister leave the racist to themselves and you just work on bettering your deen. Allah will deal with everyone else, Alhamdu Lilla

  8. Salaamwalaikum Amira,

    Thank you for taking the initiative and having the courage to write and post something like this. I know it is frustrating beyond what most people could imagine to have conversations like this among muslims -or anyone else for that matter- and there are so many who just will not see it unless they are directly affected. For those people viewpoints such as this are not comprehendable, the language is not legible, and things like this will simply not change their mind. Don’t focus on those people, whether they are muslim or non-muslim. Try to affect change in the people who seem like they are actually there to learn something instead of just there to argue. Keep up the good work and keep studying/reading.

    Nasir

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