The Last Sermon

Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim.

Copied from the pdf provided by this site.

This sermon was delivered on the Ninth day of Dhul-Hijjah, 10
A.H. ( 623AD) in the Uranah valley of Mount Arafat in Mecca. It
was the occasion of annual rites of Haj. It is also known as the
Farewell Pilgrimage.
After praising and thanking Allah the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) began
with the words:
“O People! Lend me an attentive ear, for I know not whether
after this year I shall ever be amongst you again. Therefore,
listen carefully to what I am saying and take these words to
those who could not be present here today.”
“O People! just as you regard this month, this day ,this city as
sacred ,so regard the life and property of every Muslim a
sacred trust. Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful
owners. Hurt no one so that no one may hurt you. Remember
that you will indeed meet your Lord, and that he will indeed
reckon your deeds.”
“Allah has forbidden you to take usury, therefore all interest
obligation shall henceforth be waived. Your capital is yours to
keep .You will neither inflict nor suffer any inequality. Allah has
judged that there shall be no interest and that all interest due
to Abbas Ibn ‘Aal-Muttalib be waived.”
“Every right arising out of homicide in pre-Islamic days is
henceforth waived and the first such right that I waive is that
arising from the murder of Rabiah ibni al-Harithiah.”
“O men! the unbelievers indulge in tampering with the calendar
in order to make permissible that which Allah forbade, and to
prohibit what Allah has made permissible. With Allah the
months are twelve in number. Four of them are holy, there are
sucessive and one occurs singly between the months of
Jumada and Shaban.”
“Beware of Satan, for the safety of your religion. He has lost all
hope that he will be able to lead you astray in big things so
beware of following him in small things.”
“O People it is true that you have certain rights with regard to
your women but they also have rights over you. Remember
that you have taken them as your wives only under Allah’s
trust and with His permission. If they abide by your right then
to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness. Do
treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your
partners and committed helpers. And it is your right that they
do not make friends with any one of whom you do not
approve, as well never to be unchaste.”
“O People! listen to me in earnest, worship Allah, say your five
daily prayers, fast during month of Ramadan, and give your
wealth in Zakat .Perform Haj if you can afford it.”
“All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority
over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an
Arab; also a White has no superiority over a Black nor a Black
has any superiority over a White except by piety and good
action. Learn that every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim
and that the Muslims constitute one brotherhood. Nothing shall
be legitimate to a Muslim which belongs to a fellow Muslim
unless it was given freely and willingly.”
“Do not therefore do injustice to yourselves. Remember one
day you will meet Allah and answer your deeds. So beware, do
not astray from the path of righteousness after I am gone.”
“O People! No Prophet or apostle will come after me and no
new faith will be born. Reason well, therefore O People! and
understand words that I convey to you. I leave behind me two
things, the Quran and the Sunnah and if you follow these you
will never go astray.”
“All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others
and those to others again; and may the last ones understand
my words better than those who listen to me directly.”
“O Allah, be my witness, that I have conveyed your message
to Your people.”
As part of this sermon, the prophet recited to them a
revelation from Allah, which he had just received, and which
completed the Quran, for it was the last passage to be
revealed:
This day the disbeliever’s despair of prevailing against your
religion, so fear them not, but fear Me (Allah)! This day have I
perfected for you, your religion and fulfilled My favor unto you,
and it hath been My good pleasure to choose Islam for you as
your religion. (Surah 5, Ayah 3)
The sermon was repeated sentence by sentence by Safwan’s
brother Rabiah (RA), who had powerful voice, at the request of
the Prophet and he faithfully, proclaimed to over ten thousand
gathered on the occasion. Towards the end of his sermon, the
Prophet asked “O people, have I faithfully delivered unto you
my message?” A powerful murmur of assents “O Allah!
yes!”arose from thousands of pilgrims and the vibrant words
“Allahumma Na’m,” rolled like thunder throughout the valley.
The Prophet raised his forefinger and said: “O Allah bear
witness that I have conveyed your message to your people.

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